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Can A Parallel Importer Rebrand Generic Medicines?

If a branded medicine and its generic version are put on the EEA market by economically-linked undertakings, is a parallel importer then allowed to rebrand and repackage the imported generic…

Is the limitation on the number of spectators at events unlawful?

Sabam[1] and Playright[2], the Belgian CMO’s for music composers respectively artists, have launched suspension and annulment proceedings before the Council of State (Raad van State – Conseil d’Etat) against the…

Food labelling - National rules on mandatory indication of the country of origin

A few days ago, the Court of Justice of the European Union (“CJEU”) gave its ruling in the Lactalis case (Case C-485/18). In answering the French Conseil d’État’s request for…

Equitable remuneration for performers and producers: has the CJEU hit the right note?

In a judgment of 8 September 2020, the Court of Justice of the European Union (“CJEU”) ruled that Member States are not allowed to exclude performers who are nationals of…

Last call to implement electronic voting and/or voting by letter for Covid-proof social elections

In principle, the decision to vote electronically should have been taken as early as February 2020, at a time when few had ever heard of Covid-19. Companies that did not…

Hyperlinking and copyright law: when does the copyright holder have a say in it?

The functioning of the World Wide Web is in many ways dependent on the use of hyperlinks. Many of those hyperlinks refer to works protected by copyright. In his recent…

Abuse of economic dependence – How to calculate potential fines?

After some last-minute delays, the Royal Decree of 31 July 2020 has introduced the concept of abuse of economic dependence in Belgium (for more on this concept, see here). Following…

Prior authorisation requirement for letting property through AirBnB platform is consistent with the Services Directive, says European Court of Justice

The European Court of Justice has decided on 22 September 2020 (joined cases C‑724/18 and C‑727/18) that national legislation requiring an authorisation or permit for the short-term letting of residential…

Banksy’s bad faith: Flower Thrower trade mark thrown out

  The EUIPO can declare a European trade mark invalid if the applicant acted in bad faith at the time of the application. The EUIPO has interpreted the concept of…

Online payment authentication requirements further strengthened from 22 September 2020

 As part of the second European Payment Services Directive (i.e. Directive (EU) 2015/2366 of 25 November 2015 on payment services in the internal market) (PSD2), which entered into force in…

Flemish government’s financial support to tenants who were forced to close their businesses due to COVID-19: Extension of the scope of the commercial lease loan to businesses of the events sector as per 12 June 2020.

  The Flemish government already announced on 29 May 2020 that they would provide a commercial lease loan (‘handelshuurlening’ / ‘prêt de bail commercial’) to tenants who were forced to…

Covid-19 update: A new record keeping obligation and compliance check for employers and users relying on foreign workers or self-employed individuals in the construction, cleaning, meat, agriculture and horticulture sectors.

  As part of some new measures that aim to reduce the further spread of the Covid-19 virus, the Belgian government has recently imposed a new record keeping obligation upon…

The new prohibition on abuses of economic dependence enters into force in Belgium

  The Belgian Parliament introduced the prohibition on abuse of economic dependence in an Act of March 2019 to protect undertakings that are economically dependent on their suppliers or buyers.[1]…

The Lending and Secured Finance Review

The volume of credit in Belgium has risen over the past few years. Despite the increased attention given to alternative finance methods, banks remain the main suppliers of credit in…

New rules on temporary unemployment as of 1 September 2020: start making preparations now

  From 1 September 2020, new rules on temporary unemployment will enter into force.

A-G’s opinion on SABAM’s tariffs for festivals

In our blogpost of 30 April 2019, we discussed the legal dispute between festival and concert organisers, on the one hand, and SABAM, on the other hand, regarding SABAM’s tariffs…

Understanding payment services

The provision of payment services is a licenced activity in the EU. Payment services providers are regulated by the European Directive (EU) 2015/2366, better known as PSD2. In Belgium PSD2…

(Shop Based) Commercial Agent Protected even in the Absence of the Power to Negotiate the Price

In Trendsetteuse (C-828/18), the Court of Justice of the EU held that in order to be protected under the Commercial Agency Directive, it is not required that the commercial agent…

Sports and competition law: An overview of EU and national case law

In 1974 the Court of Justice of the EU (“CJEU”) concluded in its famous Walrave and Koch case that sport is subject to EU law as far as it constitutes…

The Belgian Competition Authority confirms that Belgian merger control rules apply to the creation of loco-regional hospital networks pursuant to the Act of 28 February 2019

Following the recent legislative amendment obliging hospitals to establish and be part of a loco-regional hospital network,[1] the Belgian Competition Authority (‘BCA’) published on 22 July 2020 a note setting…

The Belgian Chapter in the Merger Control Review- 11th Edition

Check whether your merger or acquisition needs prior clearance from competition authorities.  Our experts Carmen Verdonck and Nina Methens give an overview of the Belgian merger control rules,  the recent trends and developments in…

Towards new EU rules for preventing packaging waste

The European Commission (“EC”) is collecting data and feedback from stakeholders about the European Union’s (“EU”) current rules on packaging and packaging waste. Based on these insights, it will propose…

Belgium’s implementation of the new EU Posted Workers Directive: What is the impact for employers posting workers to Belgium?

  With the Act of 12 June 2020, Belgium is implementing EU Directive 2018/957 amending Directive 96/71/EC on the posting of workers, by providing, amongst others things, adjustments to the…

The National Labour Council has confirmed its initial proposal to hold the social elections between 16 and 29 November 2020

  The Act of 4 May 2020 suspended the ongoing social elections procedure due to the Covid-19 pandemic. The procedural steps up and including day X + 35 still had…

The obligation of prior environmental assessment once again interferes with our energy supply

The Court of Justice has recently decided that Flemish rules establishing a framework for the development consent for wind turbines infringe the EU rules on prior environmental assessment. The Flemish…

New unfair trading practices in the food supply chain

Within the agricultural and food supply chain, significant imbalances in bargaining power between suppliers and buyers of agri-food products are frequent. Those imbalances in bargaining power are likely to lead…

Share-related benefits granted by a foreign parent company: new Esko ruling strengthens the NSSO’s position that social security contributions are due

Since the third quarter of 2018, the National Social Security Office (NSSO) has substantially broadened its interpretation of what is to be understood as ‘salary’ subject to social security contributions.…

10 quick-and-key questions on a safe return to work with Covid-19

  With the exit from the lockdown now in full force, more companies are bringing their staff back to their work premises. We have listed 10 quick-but-key questions that every…

Advocate General advises EU Court of Justice to confirm fine for pay-for-delay agreements by Lundbeck

In an opinion of 4 June 2020, Advocate General Kokott has advised the Court of Justice of the European Union (“CJEU”) to uphold a 2013 fine imposed by the European…

No retroactive suspension of the notice period in the event of 'corona' temporary unemployment

Updated on Monday 15 June- 2pm   Up until now, there has been no suspension of a notice period served upon an employee who has been made temporarily unemployed under…

Cancelled events: ticket refunds?

In the past months, many events including concerts, sports competitions, festivals, plays and musicals, have been cancelled or postponed due to the coronavirus pandemic and the related measures taken by…

The CJEU has clarified the transparency rules on the publication of online flight prices

On 23 April 2020, the Court of Justice of the EU (‘CJEU’) clarified earlier case law that obliges each airline to indicate in its initial online price offer(s), the airfare…

Employment Ministry's and DPA's new positions on checking employees' temperatures

  The controversial issue of whether employers can check their employees' temperatures has been much debated. Both the Employment Ministry and the Data Protection Authority (DPA) have recently changed their…

Extension of Doel 1 and Doel 2 is illegitimate but our energy supply is safe for now …

On 5 March 2020, the Constitutional Court annulled the extension of Doel 1 and Doel 2 because this extension infringed EU legal provisions concerning environmental assessments. Nevertheless, the Belgian energy…

Digital related Coronavirus Updates

  In this space, we will mention all COVID-19 updates related to our Angle Digital.

Media & Entertainment related Coronavirus updates

  In this space, we will mention all COVID-19 updates related to our Angle Media & Entertainment.  

Life & Health related Coronavirus Updates

  In this space, we will mention all COVID-19 updates related to our Angle Life & Health.

Due to the Covid-19 crisis, the European Commission has adopted temporary derogations from certain EU competition rules in the dairy, flower and potato sectors.

Article 222 of EU Regulation n°1308/2013, which establishes a common organisation of the markets in agricultural products, gives the European Commission the power to adopt temporary derogations from the cartel…

Covid-19 outbreak: Aid measures in the cultural sector

  To limit the spread of Covid-19, all indoor and outdoor private and public cultural, festive, recreational, leisure and sport activities /events are prohibited until at least 10 May 2020…

Weathering The Crisis: What Future For Real Estate?

  COVID-19 is having a massive impact on the retail sector. How will this develop in the short and long term? What is the future of brick-and-mortar retailers? Will the…

“The Show Must Go On”: Protection against creditors during the COVID-19 crisis

  Queen’s song was clearly not about COVID 19 but the message remains the same: even if the music industry is struggling, the show must go on! It is undeniable…

Belgium adopts Act increasing the transparency of managed entry agreements

On 16 April 2020, a new Act was adopted by the Belgian parliament to increase the transparency of managed entry agreements (‘MEA’) concluded between pharmaceutical companies and the National Institute…

Belgian federal government restricts the sale of personal protective equipment and medical devices that can be used in the fight against Covid-19 - Updated

Updated on Thursday 7 May 2020 -6pm On 23 March 2020, a Ministerial Decree on special measures in the context of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic on the basis of Book XVIII…

How has COVID-19 affected the hospitality industry?

Updated on Monday 10 August 2020 -10am The National Security Council has taken numerous measures in the fight against COVID-19 that were most recently updated through the Ministerial Decree of…

Ambitious Europe: the European Commission unveils its policy strategy on Artificial Intelligence

  On 19 February 2020, the European Commission released its White Paper on Artificial Intelligence (“AI”), which sets out policy options on how to achieve the double goal of (1)…

Belgium takes measures to avoid medicine shortages during the COVID-19 pandemic

  On 8 April 2020, the Belgian federal agency for medicines and health products (‘FAMHP’) adopted a consolidated version of its decision (the ‘Decision’) taking the following urgent measures for…

Reimbursement of medicinal products in times of pandemics and budgetary constraints: why quick fixes do not work

  With national governments scrambling to take measures in order to counter the Covid-19 pandemic, we are again confronted with the fact that a EU common policy in the healthcare…

Social elections postponed

As announced in our yesterday newsflash, it has now been confirmed that the social partners have reached an informal consensus to postpone the 2020 social elections. In the coming days,…

CJEU clarifies when reverse payment patent settlements can be anticompetitive

In its ruling of 30 January 2020, the Court of Justice of the European Union (‘CJEU’) has clarified for the first time the criteria governing whether a reverse payment settlement…

Postponing of the social elections procedure due to Covid-19

Updated on Monday 11 May 2020- 11am    As already announced in our previous newsflashes, the social partners have decided to suspend the current social election procedure because of the…

Flemish wind turbine rules could infringe EU rules on prior environmental assessment

  Advocate General Sánchez-Bordona has concluded in a recent legal opinion that several Flemish rules regarding wind turbines infringe the EU rules on prior environmental assessment. If the Court of…

Day X+35: the filing of the candidates’ lists

  On X+35 at the latest (i.e. between 17 and 30 March 2020 depending on the chosen election day), the candidates’ lists per category of personnel (blue- and white collar…

Limits to privileged claims

A company (debtor) involved in reorganisation proceedings is in principle not protected against new claims that originate after the reorganisation proceedings have been opened (for further details please see "Reorganisation…

The DPA approves a draft Act prohibiting life and health insurers from processing health sensor data

  The Belgian data protection authority (DPA) has approved a draft Act that prohibits life and health insurers from processing the health sensor data of their insurance holders. The Belgian…

To FIDIC or not to FIDIC? Five pitfalls for contractors to keep in mind

  Working on an offshore wind power project in the Atlantic Ocean for the Japanese government but headquartered in Belgium? Flying over from Russia to construct Belgian railways by order…

Belgian investment funds: new questionnaire on the professional integrity and adequate expertise of candidates for regulated functions

  The Belgian Financial Services and Markets Authority (“FSMA”) has published a new questionnaire on the professional integrity and adequate expertise of candidates for the regulated functions of investment funds…

Night work in e-commerce in 2020: nothing new under the sun?

  With e-commerce growing at an unprecedented rate all over the globe, in the past few years the Belgian legislator has taken several measures - both temporary and permanent -…

CJEU sheds light on the "Country of Origin" concept

  In the run-up to the entry into force of specific rules on country of origin labelling (“COOL”) for primary ingredients, the CJEU has recently clarified both the concept of…

Property law and real estate structures finally modernised: Book III of the Belgian Civil Code has been approved!

  On 30 January 2020, the new Book III on Goods was approved by the Belgian parliament (hereafter “Book III”). The new updated Belgian Civil Code will consist of nine…

Day X: posting of the notice announcing the date of the elections

  On day X, i.e. between 11 and 24 February 2020, depending on the chosen election day, the Works Council and/or the CPPW, or, in their absence, the employer, must…

Brussels Market Court orders Belgian Competition Authority to review fine imposed on the Order of Pharmacists

  Following the Belgian Competition Authority’s decision to impose a one million euro fine on the Belgian Order of Pharmacists for restrictive practices towards MediCare-Market, the Belgian Order of Pharmacists…

Global IP Awards winners named at gala dinner in London

  IAM and WTR hosted the Global IP Awards, recognising the outstanding achievements of patent and trademark attorneys and law firms from over 50 countries.

’Cash for car’ crashed

  On 23 January 2020, the Constitutional Court annulled the law introducing a mobility allowance. This law allows an employee to exchange his/her company car for cash compensation, called the…

New Belgian Act on medicinal product shortages

  On 3 February 2020, the Belgian Act of 20 December 2019 amending various legal provisions concerning shortages of medicinal products (‘Act’) was published in the Belgian State Gazette. The…

The 2020 Action Plan of the Social Information and Investigation Service : its highlights and focus areas

  The Social Information and Investigation Service (“SIOD/SIRS”) has published its 2020 Action Plan “Fight against Social Fraud and Social Dumping”. This plan reveals the strategy and the top priorities…

Cunina Haïti Coverage - ten years after the earthquake (RingTV)

  Cunina has released their reportage covering Haïti, ten years after the earthquake. Our managing partner Sylvie Dubois explains why we support this charity with all our hearts.   Watch…

ALTIUS has contributed to the 2020 Edition of the ‘European Employment Law Update’ that covers 34 countries in Europe

  ‘European Employment Law Update’ is an annual guide that compiles updates on employment law from leading law firms all over Europe.

Top law firms ALTIUS and Tiberghien join their sports expertise in ATFIELD

  Brussels – The sports departments of full service law firm ALTIUS and the tax law firm Tiberghien have joined forces to establish a new legal service provider in the…

ALTIUS appoints a new Counsel!

  With the New Year come new opportunities! ALTIUS is proud to announce that Sophie Lens has been appointed as Counsel from January 2020.

Employers, be aware of the “hidden protection period” kick-off!

  The “hidden protection period” is one of the most remarkable features of the social elections process. The hidden protection period is the period during which candidates already benefit from…

Patenting blockchain

  While much has been written already regarding blockchain and its many exciting applications for the future, not much has been said on how you can adequately and legally protect…

Energy opportunities in the DRC

Opportunities to support and develop energy projects in the DRC are abundant. To create a more stable environment, energy is the DRC’s first economic priority. Any company active in the…

The CEPANI 2020 Arbitration Rules: 10 noteworthy changes

CEPANI, the Belgian Center for Arbitration and Mediation, has issued a revised version of its Arbitration Rules (“Rules”). The 2020 Arbitration Rules mark CEPANI’s 50th anniversary and enter into force…

The International Comparative Legal Guide to: Real Estate 2020

  One of our partners, Lieven Peeters, is pleased to announce that the International Comparative Legal Guide to: Real Estate 2020 has been published.

X – 60: What are your obligations?

  On X – 60, i.e. between 13 and 26 December 2019, depending on the chosen election day, the employer must provide the Works Council and/or the CPPW, or, in…

Clawback: chasing assets

  This article reflects on some of the options offered under Belgian law by the actio pauliana, commonly referred to in English as the 'clawback' rules (for further details please see…

The new Plant Health Regulation is ready to take off as of 14 December 2019

Pests threaten plant health. To fight the increased risks owing to the further globalisation of trade and climate change, the European legislature has adopted measures concerning the determination and reduction…

Is your company ready for the Incoterms 2020?

On 1 January 2020, the new Incoterms® 2020 as published by the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) will come into force. The Incoterms 2020 remain global standards that, if they…

Bitcoin and cryptocurrencies: can a company be incorporated through contributions consisting of cryptocurrencies?

The era of cryptocurrencies has come: whilst they were initially used as a specific means of payment and as a source of investments other functions are now being explored, such…

Whistleblowing employees soon to be protected against retaliation measures?

  On 7 October 2019, the EU Council approved the Directive on the protection of persons who report breaches of Union law. This Whistleblower Directive seeks to introduce effective whistleblower…

The Belgian Competition Authority imposes a fine on the Order of Pharmacists

On 16 October 2019, the Belgian Competition Authority (“BCA”) imposed a fine of 225,000 EUR on the Order of Pharmacists (“Order”) for disciplinary sanctions restricting the pharmacists’ possibility to advertise…

Social elections 2020: Homeworkers can vote from their ‘home office’

More and more employees structurally work from home (with fixed homeworking days). Assuming the social elections date falls on an employee’s regular homeworking day, such an employee no longer needs…

Direct lines in Flanders: 5 points of attention

Recently, the VREG started authorizing direct lines for electricity more easily. This brings new opportunities for companies near an electricity production site, such a wind farm or solar park. However,…

The Belgian Competition Authority publishes Guide on the exchange of information in the framework of associations of undertakings.

On 1 October 2019, the Belgian Competition Authority (“BCA”) published its new Guide on the exchange of information in the framework of associations of undertakings (“Guide”).  With this Guide, the…

Effect of EU preventive restructuring directive on Belgian insolvency framework

On 31 January 2009 the Belgian Business Continuity Act (BCA) was passed into law. The BCA'sobjective is to protect companies in financial difficulty from their creditors so that a reorganisation…

Incentives and public procurement in the healthcare sector: be careful what you wish for!

Since the European Court of Justice’s ruling C-300/07 of 11 June 2009, hospitals and other health institutions must abide by public procurement law to the extent that they are at…

The Merger Control Review, Tenth Edition: Belgium

Carmen Verdonck and Nina Methens have written the Belgian chapter in the Merger Control Review, tenth edition (edited by Ilene Knable Gotts). The chapter provides an overview of the latest trends…

Towards a harmonised employee status by levelling up... Janssen Pharmaceutica sets an example

In the life-sciences industry, many companies still make a distinction between the blue-collar and white-collar members of their workforce, often with significant differences in the applicable employment terms and conditions.…

The arrival of the UBO register or the "register of wealth" - what you need to know

The Anti-Money Laundering Act of 18 September 2017 (hereafter the “Belgian AML Act”), which transposes the fourth European Anti-Money Laundering Directive, has put in place the Register of Ultimate Beneficial…

ALTIUS invests heavily in legal tech

The first development is a scalable GDPR application that combines ALTIUS' expertise with the LeyQi automation tool

New research exemption under Belgian patent law?

On 19 December 2017, the legislative package on the implementation of the UPC was approved by Belgian Parliament. While the entry into force of this new legislation has been delayed…

Embedding 'Like' buttons: what are the GDPR consequences for website operators after the Fashion ID ruling?

A website operator who has embedded a Facebook “like” button on its website qualifies as a “joint controller” together with Facebook and so can be held liable for the collection…

State aid and football stadiums: a Belgian case

In recent years, a significant part of the case law relating to state aids in the sport sector have revolved around infrastructures. Belgium has been a trendsetter on this topic,…

European skies are ready for drones. Are you?

In a previous blogpost, we announced that the European authorities were in the process of developing EU-wide rules and procedures for operating civil drones. Recently, these rules were adopted in…

EU Commission going after restrictions of cross-border and online sales within the EU Single Market

In June 2017, the European Commission opened formal investigations into Nike's, Sanrio's and Universal Studios' licensing and distribution practices to find out whether they restricted traders from selling licensed merchandise…

GDPR’s first birthday in six lessons

The general data protection regulation (GDPR) just celebrated its first anniversary.  Although it seems that EU businesses and individuals are well aware of its existence, some controllers and processors are…

Legal changes for sports agents doing business in Flanders

The Flemish Government has introduced new rules regarding sports agents, which introduce important obligations for agents active in Flanders, such as necessary registration and a mandatory guarantee deposit, and that…

Has the Supreme Court confirmed the NSSO’s position regarding share related benefits granted by a foreign parent company?

In September 2018, the National Social Security Office (NSSO) caused a ‘minor earthquake’ by substantially broadening its interpretation of what is to be understood as ‘salary’ subject to social security…

In the shadow of the DSM Directive: the new Online Broadcasting and Retransmission Directive

After years of ‘blood, sweat and tears’, the European Parliament finally adopted the highly-controversial Directivee on Copyright in the Digital Single Market (“DSM Directive”) on 26 March 2019. Whoever thought…

Belgian Competition Authority fines the Order of Pharmacists

On 28 May 2019, the Competition College of the Belgian Competition Authority (“BCA”) imposed a fine of one million euros on the Order of Pharmacists (l’Ordre des pharmaciens – Orde…

Pledging of intellectual property rights: an important aspect of lending for pharmaceutical, chemical and biomedical companies

The long-awaited entry into force of the Belgian law of 11 July 2013 on security interests over movable assets on 1 January 2018, which introduces a new title XVII in…

PSDII: a level playing field in the payment services industry?

The EU adopted the Second Payment Services Directive (PSDII) to level the playing field in the payment services industry by introducing the principle of “open banking”. The underlying idea of…

Belgian court applies Turkish Agency Law

In a case with significant precedent value, the Ghent Commercial Court, under Article 7.1 of the 1980 Rome Convention, applied Turkish Agency Law to a dispute between a Turkish agent…

Navigating Belgian nightlife: lessons to be learned from the ‘Kompass case’

On 13 March 2019, the Mayor of Ghent decided to close Kompass Klub, which in 2018 was voted the best nightclub in Belgium, because of drug-related incidents. The club successfully…

Autonomous vehicles and insurance: 5 challenges, 3 opportunities and 1 certainty

As insurance coverage will be profoundly different when (all) cars on the road are autonomous, a lot of strategic and legal insight is required to overcome the challenges and grasp…

New rules to deal with the unavailability of medicinal products in Belgium

An Act of 7 April 2019 has introduced new measures in Belgium to deal with the unavailability of medicinal products on the Belgian market. The first measure is that a…

Autonomous vehicles: is Belgian road traffic legislation ready?

Autonomous vehicles, with varying degrees of autonomy, are on their way - although this will be slower than some had hoped or expected. This is notably the case for legal developments…

2020 social elections: arrange for an exemption from keeping a register of temporary workers

Companies employing more than 100 employees can obtain an exemption from the obligation to keep a register of temporary workers (i.e. an annex to the general personnel register) if, by…

General Court gives red card to “NEYMAR” trademark

In a judgment of 14 May 2019, the General Court of the European Union (Case T-795/17) has confirmed that registration of the “NEYMAR” mark by a third party is invalid.…

Pop-up leases in the three regions : Brussels adopted as last region its new rules

On 19 May 2019, the Ordinance of 25 April 2019 on short-term commercial leases enters into force for the Brussels-Capital Region. As a result, the three regions now each have a…

Will employers be obliged to set up a working time recording system?

In its recent judgment of 14 May 2019, the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) has held that EU Member States must oblige employers to set up a…

Companies beware! New prohibition in Belgium on the abuse of economic dependence

On 21 March 2019, the Federal Belgian Parliament adopted an Act amending the Code of Economic Law ("CEL") regarding abuses of economic dependence, prohibited terms and unfair market practices in…

Better protection for teleworkers from occupational accidents

In a working world with rapid technological change and in which mobility is an increasing issue, telework is increasingly seen as a viable option and so more employees are demanding…

Clinical Trials and the GDPR: do I really need the participant’s consent?

On 23 January 2019, the European Data Protection Board (EDPB) issued its Opinion 3/2019 on the interplay between the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR; applying since 25 May 2018) and…

EU to examine SABAM’s tariffs for festivals and concerts

Despite its small size, Belgium is a real hotspot for music lovers. It has some world-class concert venues and is the home of countless – some of which are award…

Licence to contract – licence agreements and insolvency law

In an insolvency situation, the fate of ongoing contracts is something to be discussed. Such contracts are often closely linked to the essence of a company's business. For example, for…

Consumers to be better protected when concluding online contracts

On 15 April 2019, the Council of the EU formally adopted a draft directive on certain aspects concerning contracts for the supply of digital content and digital services. This was…

NSSO follows the Tax Ruling Commission’s position: warrants may not exceed 20% of the employee’s regular gross salary package

Employers often use warrants as a salary optimisation tool. If such warrants qualify as options within the meaning of Article 41, 3° of the Option Act of 26 March 1999,…

New mechanism for attracting investments and avoiding future blackouts

On 4 April 2019, the Belgian Parliament approved a Bill on the capacity remuneration mechanism (‘CRM’). This system aims to ensure the security of electricity supply after Belgium’s nuclear ‘exit’…

From toys to business tools: is the regulatory framework for drones ready for this development?

“Ordered before midnight, tomorrow delivered at your home”. Lightning-fast parcel delivery is one of the greatest advantages of living in the early 21st century. Companies are now literally ‘racing against…

Important financial impact for equity incentives expected in the life sciences industry

In the life-sciences industry, many employees benefit from equity incentives granted by the parent company. Until recently, such equity incentives granted by a foreign parent company to Belgian employees were…

Secondment in the construction sector: 10 key considerations

The construction sector is a fraud-sensitive sector. Belgian companies that are working with foreign subcontractors and foreign companies seconding their employees to Belgium to work on a project in Belgium…

A new Copyright Directive for the digital age addresses some sensitive issues

The European Parliament, the European Commission and the Council of the European Union (‘EU’) have reached a political agreement on Wednesday 13 February 2019 to make the EU’s copyright rules…

The Code is dead, long live the Code!

What does the new Belgian Code on Companies and Associations have in store for you?

Deposit of goods on consignment: does it constitute a deposit?

In a judgment of 26 November 2018, the Court of Appeal of Ghent (case 2016/AR/759) ruled that the deposit of goods on consignment does not constitute a deposit but does…

Drastic times call for ex parte interim measures

In Belgium, a preliminary injunction (‘PI’) is rarely granted on an ex parte (or unilateral) basis. Adversarial debates are considered as a cornerstone of legal proceedings, and one is entitled…

Financing infrastructure in Africa – Be prepared!

The need for modern infrastructure in Africa is enormous. Financing is key, yet it remains one of the most important challenges. Understanding the local environment and regulations is crucial to…

Flemish government set to introduce new rules for sports agents

Last week, the Flemish Government has submitted a draft decree proposing important changes for sports agents. Sports agents with any professional activity in the Flemish Region will have to be…

Antitrust in Sport: Unauthorised Events, Enforcement without Penalties?

One year after the European Commission’s decision (EC) against the International Skating Union (ISU), the Belgian Competition Authority (BCA) has taken a decision against the Fédération Equestre Internationale (FEI). Both…

Council of State renders negative advice on the draft federal bill regarding sports agents

The Belgium Council of State has recently struck down the eagerly awaited draft federal law bill intended to regulate the sports agent profession.

Yuga Wang Barred from playing an arrangement of Stravinsky’s Rite of Spring in Europe

In October 2018, the pianist Yuja Wang and the percussionnist Martin Grubinger were forced to cancel upcoming concerts in Dortmund and Luxembourg, where they had intended to perform their arrangement…

Commercial space in a hotel: Don’t get trapped in a commercial lease

The ground floor of many hotels provides room for retail space that can be let to businesses complimentary to the hotel: jewellery, car renting, floral shop, (luxury) clothing, etc. A…

Can drivers spend their regular weekly rest period in the transport vehicule?

Following a Belgian Council of State preliminary ruling request, the CJEU ruled on 20 December 2017 that, in accordance with the text of Regulation No 561/2006, a driver may not…

Geo-Blocking Regulation: what to expect?

“Geo-blocking” is a phenomenon whereby companies refuse a sale to a customer based on geographical factors such as their nationality or location. Common geo-blocking practices are the denial of access…

Employment pitfalls for work at offshore sites in Belgium’s Exclusive Economic Zone

More and more platforms are being constructed and installed in Belgium’s exclusive economic zone (or EEZ). Employing workers assigned to such offshore projects triggers complex questions regarding the applicable employment,…

EU Court of Justice to decide on the legality of the lifetime extension of the Doel 1 and 2 Power Stations

EU Advocate General has taken the view that EU legal provisions concerning environmental assessments have been infringed. However, this opinion does not necessarily mean that the Doel 1 and Doel…

Blockchain & GDPR: 2 simultaneous buzzwords

Blockchain technology has been receiving a lot of attention over the past few years, and more recently also from legal authors. It has been rightly said that blockchain raises several…

Your salary in bitcoin: reality or sci-fi?

Bitcoin, the best-known cryptocurrency operated by a decentralised authority (and so not issued by any bank or government), is very much in the news. As a result, employees sometimes ask…

The contract law challenges of the Internet of Things

When we talk about the Internet of things (‘IoT’), it is self-driving cars and the consequent legal liability issues that immediately come to mind. But the IoT’s challenges are much…

Off-label use of medicines and competition law

The Court of Justice of the European Union (“CJEU”) issued a judgment on the interplay between medicines’ off-label use and competition law (Judgment of the Court of Justice of 23…

Express recognition and clarification of the protection of trade secrets in Belgium

On 30 July 2018, with a few weeks’ delay, the Belgian legislator transposed the EU Directive 2016/943 on trade secrets (hereafter, the “Directive”) by adopting the law on the protection…

Anti-tampering devices : fading boundaries of parallel trade?

On 9 February 2019, a legislative package aimed at fighting medicines falsifications will enter into force across the EU. Pharmaceutical companies will, among other things, be required to affix a…

E-sports: professional gamers as olympic medalists?

While previous generations engaged in endless discussions about whether chess should be considered as a ‘real sport’, today it is gaming that has become the subject of that same question.…

Obtaining work permit for athletes much easier now?

Until recently, non-EEA athletes wanting to work and stay in Belgium had to follow a double procedure. First, the future employer had to start a procedure at the regional level…

Stricter scrutiny of inactive companies

The legislature recently took steps to improve the follow-up monitoring of companies in financial difficulty and strengthen the fight against inactive companies. Companies that fail to pay their social security…

‘Freezing’ bank accounts across Europe: the European Account Preservation Order (EAPO)

Creditors have now obtained a new – and important – tool for ‘freezing’ their debtor’s bank accounts throughout Europe with one single order. EU Regulation 655/2014 of 15 May 2014…
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